Globalization (by Jack)

Introduction

When you say the word “globalization” on the internet, you are almost bound to have started an argument between people who want to look intelligent, but really have no idea what they, or you for that matter, are talking about. Of course, saying pretty much anything else on the internet will result in the same thing, but globalization is actually a rather important subject, and should be treated as such. So, I am writing this essay, partly because I have to do it for school-work and partly because I think that it is a subject worth writing about.

Now, the essay…

Globalization and the Subsets Thereof

Globalization is made up of several subsets:

 Free Trade

Possibly the most talked about aspect of globalization, free trade is the phrase we use to express corporate expansion, in some cases, corporate exploitation. (Have you noticed that pretty much everything is made in China? I mean, America is still the world’s leading source of cotton, but most cotton clothing is still made somewhere in Asia…) Free trade technically allows countries to produce what they produce best with little to no tariff, essentially making the whole world Marxist. (Not that there is anything more wrong about Marxism than Capitalism, but Marxism, just like any type of government, isn’t fool-proof. [Sigh… I probably just angered half of the people reading this…]) Anyway, this works fine until you introduce people.

Okay, suppose we have two countries, A and B. A produces a lot of oil, but doesn’t produce much in the form of food. B produces a lot of food, but lacks oil. B can blackmail A by cutting off A’s food supply until A gives them twice the oil that they did before, leaving B nice and cosy in their oil-guzzling cars as A struggles with both food and oil.

Pretty nasty, right? Therein lies the flaw of free trade. Now, suppose B wanted to sell food more cheaply. The solution is simple: sell less of the actual food, and instead fill it with all kinds of cheap, tasty chemicals made in a laboratory. Of course, not all of these chemicals are safe and A inevitably starts to lose people to strange illnesses. But A is so enamoured with the idea of more food for less money that they irrationally put the blame on airborne viruses, oil fumes, anything except the cheap food. And they cannot allow it to be proved that it is the food that is making the A population sick, so those few who do ask questions are quickly silenced. Keep in mind that A is still giving B twice the oil that they had originally been giving them. So you end up with A working their hides off, while dropping like flies. And the population of B are still happily chugging along in their cars, and eating good food, and leading good lives. And here’s the thing: most of the B population don’t know what is happening, because they know A only as a vague place that gives B its “fair share” of oil. The leaders/representatives of B don’t want the rest of the population of B to know what is going on, so they edit the school curriculum to give future generations bias-loaded impressions of A, and label it as a “new, innovative form of education”.  So we have the population of B in a state of blissful, luxurious ignorance, while we have the population of A in a state of exploitation.

Free trade allows this to happen fairly easily. I, personally wouldn’t want to live on that planet, or, for that matter, in that theoretical reality. Would you? Give it some thought.

Stereotypes

On the other hand, globalization also allows people to experience other cultures by way of air travel and television. However, there is a loophole in the television idea as well. Have you seen many movies set in Asia? How many of those movies involve actual life in Asia? How many showed the stereotypical shirtless Asian dude doing martial arts? And how many movies have you seen set in the US or England? How many of those thousands showed a white dude with his shirt on heroically saving the day, calmly solving a mystery, or discovering some sickening truth about something or other? The stereotypes are overwhelming. And the scary thing is – most of us let them wash over us as if they aren’t there. Television doesn’t help with this problem in the slightest.

Of course, the situation isn’t totally polarized yet – you can easily find a movie featuring an old Asian guy giving sage advice to people that need it. (The Karate Kid, anyone?) And you need not look any farther than Chuck Norris and Arnold Schwarzenegger to find big white men mindlessly bashing each other to bits. (Alright, I’ll admit – Schwarzenegger is European, but he’s still white, and he was the Governor of California for a while. Does that count?) Of course, this says nothing about the actors themselves, but it says a whole lot about the stereotypes that they represent.

There are many other stereotypes that I could happily waste your whole day with, but as long as you have gotten the point, I’ve fulfilled my task.

Socialization

However, as I have said, globalization allows people who are curious about other cultures to travel around the globe and learn about them. People can put up fund-raisers on the internet and other places to help people in need living in other countries. However, we must keep in mind the horrors of the Ku Klux Klan, the American slave trade, the Holocaust, and 9/11 as just a few things that hateful people have done to people from other cultures. (It should be noted that the Ku Klux Klan is still active and fighting for white supremacy, and that slavery is also active in some parts of the world.)

Multi-National Corporations

Globalization allows multi-national corporations to thrive everywhere. In fact, globalization is the reason that you can hardly go a block in any populated city without seeing at least one McDonalds and/or 7-11. This can be a good thing as far as food availability is concerned, however food quality falls sickeningly, or, sometimes, fatally. However, that is a subject for another essay. What is even more sickening than the appalling food is the exponentially expanding wallets of these corporations. In 2012, McDonalds made an average of 75.21 million dollars a day[1]. 75.21 million dollars A DAY. That’s more money than anyone usually sees in a life-time. 7-11’s $60,000[2] per day seems to be a little measly in comparison, but it’s still nothing to be sneezed at, especially since the average American rakes in $51,371[3] a year. I’ll let that sink in…

The Condensed Version

Here’s a condensed summary of globalization: (Now, if you haven’t figured out my bias, you will soon.)

Pros of Globalization

Cultural Diversity
“Do-what-you-do-best” Attitude
Freedom to Travel
Can Create a Supportive Atmosphere

Cons of Globalization

Opportunity for Corporate Manipulation
Product Centred
Gave Rise to the LEGO Movie
Impersonalizes Product

Coda

Globalization is a huge something, be it a problem, or goal, and I hope to have given you a good synopsis of it. Failing that, I hope it was at least interesting. Failing that… well… I’d like to know why, so that I may write a better one next time.DSC_0165

[1] Quora.com

[2] Convenience Store News

[3] NPR News